What is TMJ and TMD?

TMJ refers to Temporomandibular Joint pain, while TMD refers to Temporomandibular Joint dysfunctions. TMJ pain is one of the conditions most frequently identified by patients. This is a very real condition caused by disturbances in the action of the jaw.

Some patients experience TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) pain and dysfunctions (TMD), some experience primary headaches (known as migraines, tension and cluster) while others may have facial neuralgias, musculoskeletal pain, or a combination of all.

Research has shown that many factors may lead to this disorder. It can occur by itself or be a part of a more complex problem. We believe that there is usually more than one factor responsible.

Symptoms of TMJ and TMD

  • Pain or tenderness in your face, jaw, neck, shoulders, and in or around the ear.
  • Trouble opening your mouth wide.
  • Locked or stuck jaw.
  • Popping sounds in your jaw joint when opening or closing your mouth.
  • Facial swelling.

Causes of TMJ and TMD

Causes may include macro traumas or micro traumas, which causes the muscles that stabilize the joint to become fatigued from overwork resulting in head, face, jaw and muscle pain.

Examples of Macro Traumas That May Cause TMJ and TMD:

  • Automobile Accident.
  • Sports Injury.
  • Accidental Falls.

Examples of Micro Traumas That May Cause TMJ and TMD:

  • Clenching and Grinding of The Teeth (Bruxism).

Often the jaw problems, head and facial pain, headaches, migraines and musculoskeletal pain are symptoms of the greater problem.

In the absence of an acute injury to the head or facial area, the primary cause of these problems is frequently related to insufficient oxygen while sleeping i.e. an unidentified sleep breathing disorder, sleep apnea or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Everyone assumes they are breathing and getting enough oxygen during sleep; few recognize that nighttime teeth grinding and clenching (bruxing) is an unconscious effort to prevent suffocation. This repeated action all night long, over extended periods of time, wears down the skeletal structure and the joints resulting in TMJ pain, headaches, musculoskeletal pain, TMJ dysfunctions and facial neuralgias.

Craniofacial Pain Services

Proper diagnosis and emphasis on origin rather than symptoms alone is key to successful, long term treatment results. After proper diagnosis, a specific non-surgical, treatment plan for rehabilitation is developed for the unique needs of each individual patient.

TMJ & Sleep Therapy Centre of Montana is committed to providing the highest level of care for adults and children without surgery. We understand the structural needs required for pain relief and proper breathing to obtain quality, life sustaining sleep. Led by Dr. Schuyler VanDyke, we provide comprehensive evaluations using the latest technologies to properly diagnose the root cause of our patient’s complaints. This helps us direct treatment unique to each person.

If you or a loved one are suffering the symptoms of TMJ, Sleep Apnea, Snoring, OSA, or any other sleep-related breathing disorder, call The TMJ & Sleep Therapy Centre of Montana, we are here to help!

Call and make an appointment today! We are the experts on these conditions and we will provide you with the very best care. improving quality of life one patient at a time.

TMJ & Sleep Therapy Centre of San Diego

The Independent Doctors and Health Providers of Montana